UP AT A GLANCE
|State||North west province since feb 1836
United province of Agra nad awadh since 1877
United province since 1937
From 24 January 1950 –Uttar Pradesh
|Capital||Agra since 1836 , Allahabad since 1858
Lucknow since 1921
|Chief Minister||Yogi Adityanath (BJP)|
|Area||243,290 km2 (93,930 sq. miles)|
|Population Density||820/km2 (2,100/sq. miles)|
|Languages Official||Hindi, Urdu|
|State animal||Swamp deer/ Barahsingha|
|State bird||Sarus crane|
|State sport||Field hockey|
|Members of Lok Sabha from U.P.||80|
|Members of Rajya Sabha from U.P.||30|
|Members of U.P. Legislative Assembly||404|
|Members of U.P. Legislative Council
UP is also known for
– Most populous state in India
– Most populous country subdivision in the world
– The state which shares its boundary with maximum no. of states of India (9 state borders)
– Second largest state by economy in terms of GDP
– Sugarcane Bowl of India
– Largest producer of food grains & oilseeds in India
– Hindi heartland (as it gave a great number of notable writers to Hindi literature)
– Home to most powerful empires of medieval & ancient times – Magadh, Nand, Maurya, Sunga, Kushan, Rashtrakut, Pal & Mughals
– Starting place of Indian freedom struggle – Revolt of 1857, Meerut
– Bicameral legislature
– Maximum number of Lok Sabha (80) & Rajya Sabha (31) seats
– Jagadguru Rambhadracharya Handicapped University
|Tropical dry deciduous,
tropical moist deciduous,tropical thorn
|Major Rivers||Ganga, Yamuna, Ramganga,
Gomti and Ghagra
(Kumbh Mela 2013
registered 12 Crores human
visits – the largest human
gathering in the world!)
|– Kathak (Lucknow Gharana)
|Industry||Edible oil, paper, cement,
industrial chemicals, glassware,
leather products & handlooms
|Minerals||Limestone, magnesite, coal,
rock phosphate, dolomite,
silica sand and pyrophyllite
|Agriculture||– Wheat, rice, maize, barley,
gram, sugarcane, potatoes,
– Leads all the states in production
of wheat, maize, barley,
gram, sugarcane & potatoes
and Silk Sarees,
Allahabad Surkha, Mango
Lucknow Chikan Craft,
Handmade Carpet of Bhadohi,
Kala Namak Rice,
Moradabad Metal Craft,
Saharanpur Wood Craft,
Carpets of Mirzapur,
of Banaras, Agra Petha,
Mathura Peda, Nizamabad
black clay pottery,
Varanasi Wooden Lacquerware
& Toys, Khurja pottery,
Banaras Gulabi Meenakari
Craft, Varanasi Wooden Lacquer
Wear and Toys,
Mirzapur Handmade Dari,
Banaras Metal Repousse Craft
|State Animal||Swamp Deer|
|State Bird||Sarus Crane|
|State Flower||Brahm Kamal|
|Sarnath & Kushinagar|
|Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri,
|Ramsar Sites||Upper Ganga River
(Brijghat to Narora Stretch)
|– Lakh Bahosi Sanctuary
– Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary,
– Okhla Sanctuary,
– Patna Bird Sanctuary,
– Saman Sanctuary,
– Samaspur Sanctuary,
– Sandi Bird Sanctuary,
– Bakhira Sanctuary,
– Thasrana Bird Sanctuary
|Dudhwa National Park|
|– Bakhira WLS
– Chandraprabha WLS
– Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar
– Hastinapur WLS
– Kaimur WLS
– Katerniaghat WLS
– Kishanpur WLS
– Lakh Bahosi Bird WLS
– Mahavir Swami WLS
– National Chambal WLS
– Okhala Bird WLS
– Parvati Aranga WLS
– Patna WLS
– Ranipur WLS
– Saman Bird WLS
– Samaspur WLS
– Sandi Bird WLS
– Sohagibarwa WLS
– Sohelwa WLS
– Sur Sarovar WLS
– Jai Prakash Narayan
(Surhatal) Bird WLS
– Turtle WLS
– Vijai Sagar WLS
|Amangarh (buffer of
DEMOGRAPHY OF UTTAR PRADESH
Districts of Uttar Pradesh
The detail analysis of Population Census 2011 published by Govt. of India for Uttar Pradesh state reveal that population of Uttar Pradesh has increased by 20.23% in this decade compared (2001-2011) to past decade (1991-2001). The density of Uttar Pradesh state in the current decade is 2148 per sq mile.
Uttar Pradesh is an State of India with population of Approximate 19.98 Crores.
The population of Uttar Pradesh state is 199,812,341.
The density of Uttar Pradesh state is 829 per sq km.
Uttar Pradesh State is spread over 240,928 Sq Km.
DIVISION WITH ITS HEADQUARTERS
Uttar Pradesh’s literacy rate is 69.70% according to Census 2011. The literacy rate for males is 79.20% and that for women is 59.30%. This percentage is recorded 74.04% that is below the national average.
Top five discrticts
In terms of area (km⊃2;)
- Lakhimpur Kheri -7680
- Sonbhadra -6905
- Hardoi -5986
- Sitapur- 5743
- Allahabad -5482
In terms of percentage of Child
- Siddharth Nagar -18.96 %
- Shrawasti -18.95 %
- Bahraich -18.77 %
- Balrampur -18.37 %
- Budaun 18.06 %
High Sex Ratio
- Jaunpur 1024
- Azamgarh 1019
- Deoria 1017
- Pratapgarh 998
- Sultanpur 983
Top Population Growth
- Bahraich 46.48 %
- Ghaziabad 42.27 %
- Gautam Buddha Nagar 37.11 %
- Chitrakoot 29.43 %
- Balrampur 27.72 %
- Gautam Buddha Nagar 80.12 %
- Kanpur Nagar 79.65 %
- Auraiya 78.95 %
- Etawah 78.41 %
- Ghaziabad 78.07 %
Large cities by population as per Census 2011
|Large cities of Uttar Pradesh||Male||Female||Total Population as per Census 2011|
|Lucknow (Municipal Corporation)||1,470,133||1,345,468||2,815,601|
|Kanpur (Municipal Corporation)||1,502,370||1,264,661||2,767,031|
|Ghaziabad (Municipal Corporation)||869,257||766,811||1,636,068|
|Agra (Municipal Corporation)||849,771||724,771||1,574,542|
|Meerut (Municipal Corporation)||689,567||619,456||1,309,023|
|Varanasi (Municipal Corporation)||636,860||564,955||1,201,815|
|Allahabad (Municipal Corporation)||601,363||515,731||1,117,094|
High Density cities of Uttar Pradesh as per Census 2011
- Ghaziabad 3971
- Varanasi 2395
- Lucknow 1816
- Sant Ravidas Nagar 1555
- Kanpur Nagar 1452
Top 5 Districts of Uttar Pradesh having highest Rural population
- Allahabad 4,481,518
- Azamgarh 4,220,512
- Jaunpur 4,147,624
- Sitapur 3,953,208
- Gorakhpur 3,604,766
Bottom 5 Districts of Uttar Pradesh having lowest Rural population
- Mahoba 690,577
- Hamirpur 894,437
- Baghpat 1,028,023
- Lalitpur 1,046,214
- Shrawasti 1,078,712
Districts of Uttar Pradesh with Highest Urban Population
- Ghaziabad 3,162,547
- Lucknow 3,038,996
- Kanpur Nagar 3,015,645
- Agra 2,024,195
- Meerut 1,759,182
Historical Facts about Uttar Pradesh
- It is home to most powerful empires of medieval and ancient times – Magadh, Nand, Maurya, Sunga, Kushan, Rashtrakut, Pal and Mughals.
- The first freedom struggle of India marked with Sepoy Mutiny started from Meerut by Mangal Pandey.
- During British Period this state was also called NWPA (North West Province of Agra and Oudh) which was renamed as United Province of Agra and Oudh in 1902. In short it was called United Provinces.
- In 1920 the capital of province shifted from Allahabad to Lucknow while the High Court continued to be at Allahabad. In present time also most of the important administrative offices are still in Allahabad.
- It was created on 1 Aril 1937 as United Province during British rule and was renamed as Uttar Pradesh in 1950.
- Uttar Pradesh was the main center during the period of independence struggle. Some important national leaders from Uttar Pradesh were Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru, Madan Mohan Malviya and Govind Ballabh Pant who represented Indian National Congress.
Geographical Facts about Uttar Pradesh
- It borders along with 9 other states – Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh in north, Haryana, Delhi and Rajasthan in west, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in south, Bihar and Jharkhand in east.
- Uttar Pradesh shares its boundary with maximum number of states of India. Uttar Pradesh touches 9 other state borders. After U.P., Assam and Chhattisgarh are two states which shares its borders with 7 other states. For details read Indian state with maximum neighbouring states.
- UP shares its international border with Nepal in north. Length of international border with Nepal is 651 Km.
- Uttar Pradesh is 4th largest state by area and top most state by population.
- Lakhimpur Kheeri is the largest district of Uttar Pradesh by area. Agra is the largest district by population.
- The main rivers of the state are Ganga, Yamuna, Ramganga, Gomti and Ghagra. All these reivers except Gomti emerge from Himalayas. Gomti emerges from Gomat taal (Fulhaar jheel) in Pilibhit district of UP.
Political Facts about Uttar Pradesh
- On 9 Nov 2000 separate state of Uttarakhand was carved out from this state.
- UP has maximum number of Lok Sabha (80) and Rajya Sabha (31) seats.
- UP has maximum number of legislative assembly (404) and legislative council (100) seats among all Indian states.
- From starting U.P. was in center of Indian Politics. In political circles it is often called that road to delhi goes from U.P. (which means party who wins U.P. also gets center).
- P. provided 8 Prime Ministers to India –
- i) Jawaharlal Nehru from Phulpur,
- ii) Lal Bahadur Shastri from Allahabad,
iii) Indira Gandhi from Rae Bareli,
- iv) Rajiv Gandhi from Amethi,
- v) V P Singh from Fatehpur,
- vi) Chandrashekhar from Ballia,
vii) Atal Bihari Vajpayee from Lucknow
viii) Narendra Modi from Varanasi.
Social and Cultural Facts about Uttar Pradesh
- Many of the great Sages of Ancient Vedic times like Bhardwaj muni, Yajnavakkya, Vasistha, Viswamitra and Valmiki are known to be related and flourished on this land.
- Uttar Pradesh has remained the center of Sanatan Dharma and Hindu culture. The two great Epics of Ramayan and Mahabharat which were inspired by the royal family of Kosal and Hastinapur respectively are both the ancient cities of this state.
- The region of Uttar Pradesh is the land of action (Karm-bhoomi) of Gautam Buddha. He gave his first sermon at Sarnath.
- Uttar Pradesh is also called Hindi Heartland. Notable Hindi writers from ancient and Medieval times like Kabirdas, Tulsidas, Surdas, Vishnu Sharma, Malik Mohammad Jayasi; modern writers like Prem Chand, Jaishankar Prasad, Bhartendu Harischandra, Mahadevi Verma, Harivansh Rai Bachhan, Bhagwati Charan Verma and innumerable others contributed to flourish Hindi literature.
- It is the home of premier educational institutes likes Banaras Hindu University, Aligarh Muslim University, Darul Uloom Deoband.
- Varanasi (Kashi) is also called Cultural capital of India. Varanasi is the oldest continuously inhabited city of world. Ghats of Varanasi are known for Ganga Aarti.
- Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of the 12 Jyotirlings and considered holiest among all. The remaining other eleven jyotirlings are Somnath, Mallikarjuna Swami of Srisailam, Makaleshwar of Ujjain, Omkareshwar, Kedarnath, Bhimashankar, Trimbakeshwar, Aundh Nagnath of Maharashtra, Rameshwar of Tamilnadu, and Grishneswar of Rajasthan.
- Allahabad is one of the four holy pilgrimage sites where Kumbh mela is organised at the confluence of Ganga, Yamuna and mythical Saraswati rivers (sangam). The other three sites where Kumbh Mela is organised are Haridwar, Nashik and Ujjain. Mahakumbh is organised at every twelve years at each four locations with gap of three years between successive locations. Ardh-Kumbh mela is organised at every six years at only two locations – Allahabad and Haridwar.
- Allahabad Kumbh Mela of 2013 registered 12 Crores (120 million) human visits which holds the record of largest human gathering in world ever. This is also the largest gathering in any Kumbh mela so far.
- Construction of Taj Mahal completed in year 1632. It was built by Shah Jahan in loving memory of her persian wife Mumtaz Mahal. The chief architect of this mausoleum was Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. For this construction, Shah Jahan is better called as Mughal Architect and Taj Mahal is called as best example of Mughal Archtecture. More than 3 million people visit this site along with large number of international tourists.
- Kathak is an important classical dance of Uttar Pradesh. Pandit Birju Maharaj is an important exponent of this dance form.
- Literacy rate of UP is 69.7 % which is well below the national average of 74.04 %. UP is 8th most illiterate state of India.
- The Hockey Legend Major Dhyan Chand was born in Allahabad and settled in Jhansi.
- Jagadguru Rambhadracharya Handicapped University (in Chitrakoot) is the only university in world established exclusively for disabled.
- Cities of Sarnath and Kushinagar are of Buddhist importance. Goutam Buddha gave his first sermon at Sarnath and died at Kushinagar.
- UP stands first in domestic tourism with more than 71 million tourist arrivals.
Economic Facts about Uttar Pradesh
- Uttar Pradesh is second largest state by economy in terms of GDP (Maharashtra is at 1st position). The economy of the state is driven mainly by agriculture and service sector. Uttar Pradesh shares 8.24 % of total India’s GDP. (as per 2014 GDP data).
- Due to huge population, GDP per capita of the state becomes very low at second last position of all Indian States (as per year 2014 GDP per capita data).
- Mineral Resources of Uttar Pradesh – Limestone, magnesite, coal, rock phosphate, dolomite, silica sand and pyrophylite.
- UP is largest producer of foodgrains and oilseeds in country. It leads all the states in production of wheat, maize, barley, gram, sugarcane and potatoes.
- The state produces one-half of total sugarcane of country due to which Uttar Pradesh is also called as Sugarcane bowl of India.
- Main Agricultural Products – Wheat, rice, maize, barley, gram, sugarcane, potatoes, pulses, oilseeds.
- As per data from Uttar Pradesh’s Animal Husbandry department 2014-15, there are total 72 government approved slaughter houses in India. Out of these total, 38 number of slaughter houses are in Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh is hence the largest meat producing, processing and exporting state of India.
- Banarasi Silk Sarees are very popular and has demand all over the world. More than 10 lakh people are employed directly or indirectly near the regions of Varanasi from this handloom industry.
- Muradabad is famous for Brass handicrafts. This city is also called Peetal Nagri. The turnover from exports only was recorded as 4000 Crores in year 2012-13.
- Firozabad is well known for Glass Industry from ancient times. Bangles (chudi), chandeliers, vases, jars are some of the chief products manufactured. More than 50 % of the manufactured items are exported.
- Kanpur Leather and Tanning Industry employs more than 1 lakh of people. Belts, shoes, bags, jackets, gloves are some of the main products.
Main Industries of UP– Edible oil, paper, cement, aluminium, railway equipment, industrial chemicals, glassware, brass handicrafts, leather products and handlooms.