3 Yrs IAS Foundation Course After Intermediate /10+2

Become an IAS Officer After 12th

If your vision becomes an IAS officer, it’s the right time to take your first step towards your aim. The best and easy way is to join our IAS Foundation Course just after your 10+2.

We at IAS Next, the best IAS coaching in Lucknow offers specially designed IAS Foundation Course for 10+2 candidates (English Medium Only) who are looking for a bright career in civil services.

Key Features of the IAS Foundation Course

  1. The clarity in theories & Concepts to answer any given question more accurately.
  2.  Multiple modes of delivering the same topic so as to ensure conceptual clarity
  3.  Adopt the most advanced technological of audio-videos, pictorial representations so as to build a realistic understanding of the subject matter.
  4.  Incredible insights to develop the best answers.
  5.  Detailed analysis of previous year questions so as to ensure
    •  Right orientation
    •  Prioritize the topics
    •  Helps you to choose what to read and more importantly what not to read
    •  To approach the main exam with the right strategy
  6.  Experienced faculty – Retired and In-service IAS/IPS officers.
  7.  India’s best quality and highly relevant printed materials.
  8.  The more personal, small-group teaching (supervisions) is the most distinctive feature of the classroom system.
  9.  High Success rate.

What do you Study here?

Geography – Economic and Human Geography of India and the World, like Distribution of Key natural resources, Earthquakes, Cyclones and other important phenomena.

History – Ancient, Medieval and Modern Indian History and also important world-historical events.

Economics – Utilization of Very important economic resources for the Growth and Development, Employment creation, Agriculture or Industrial planning, Land Reforms, Energy sector, etc.

Constitution and Governance> – Understanding of Indian Constitution, Centre-State Government relations, Good Governance concepts, Understanding Indian Judicial System, Electoral system, NGOs, Self-help Groups, Welfare Schemes etc.

International Relations – Indian and its neighbourhood relations, relations with other important countries, International Institutions like IMF, World Bank, European Union, BRICS, World Trade Organization WTO etc.

Science and Technology – Scientific developments in everyday life, Achievements of Indian Scientists, ISRO, NASA achievements, Revolution from Nano-Technology and Bio-Technology, etc.

Environmental issues – Environmental conservation, Reducing Environmental Pollution and Degradation etc.

Disaster Management – Earthquakes, Tsunamis, Cyclones, Droughts and Effective Control of Natural and Man-made disaster problems.

Internal Security issues – Addressing issues of Terrorism, Naxalism, Separatism, Communal issues, Security issues at the borders, Money laundering, Cyber Attacks and their preventive measures etc.

Ethics and Integrity – Ethics and morals in the society, Human Value system, Lessons from Great leaders, reformers and administrators, Family values, Values-driven Educational System, developing good Attitude etc.

Understanding these issues right from early age broadens the thinking about various issues. Every Child can have meaningful Education from Childhood.

Most Prestigious Career Opportunities

Can get the Best and the Most Prestigious career which others can only dream of.
This includes IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS and Indian Railways, Indian Postal Service, Indian Forest Service and many more top Central Government Jobs.

  •  These candidates can be selected for Intelligence Bureau (IB Officers), SSC Officers etc.
  •  Apart from this, there are a wide range of State government (Group-1, Group-2 Officers) and Central Government posts which can be cracked by those who prepare from their Childhood.
  •  Can get into Highest Cadre bank Officers posts like Probationary Officers, or Higher Managerial Officer posts Of Reserve Bank of India and other Well reputed national and global banks.
  •  Candidates who had prepared for Civil Services are given preference while recruiting for Most of the Top Private Managerial Jobs.

To know About Full course and Program visit : IAS NEXT 3 YEAR IAS FOUNDATION COURSE AFTER 12TH

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Mens-rea- Actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea – (act alone does not make a man guilty unless his intentions were so.) Mens –rea is the foundation of Criminal Liability- PCS-J mains answer series by Sudhanshu Mishra


Mens-rea- Actus non facit reum nisi  mens sit rea – (act alone does not make a man guilty unless his intentions were so.)

Mens –rea is the foundation of Criminal Liability


The role of mens-rea in our criminal law is a most controversial question among our jurists. But in routine it is imported in every crime though at some place it is not expressly mentioned.

In various definition of offences in Cr.p.c. , mens-rea seems an important ingredient of that offence and also to decide the liability.

We can mention two behold of thoughts on the issue of mens-rea.

First one is fraud in the judgment of Wright J. in Sherraz v/s De-Rutzen, According to that, in every statute mens-rea   is to be implied unless the contrary is shown and second one is of Justice Kennedy in Hobbs v/s Winchester corporation, According to which there should be shown literally in law or statute that mens-rea is required or not.

In case of R v/s Prince, this issue is discussed widely. In this case, Henry Prince, the prisoner was charged for having taken an unmarried girl, being under the age of 16 years, out of possession and against the will of her father and also that she was under age of 16 years.

All these facts necessary to support for conviction existed except that the girl, though proved by her father to be fourteen years old looked much older than the Jury found. Upon reasonable evidence that before the defendant took her away she had told him that she was of 18 years and that the defendant bonafide believed on that statement. On the part of the prisoner law of mens-rea should nevertheless be applied and there be no conviction in the absence of criminal intention.

On the other hand, it was held by Black born J., that the prisoners’s belief that the girl was of 18 years old is no defence.  He further said that as the case is reserved, we must take it as proved that the girl was in the possession of her father and that he took her, proving that he trespassed on the father’s right and had no color of excuse for so doing.

The Queen v/s Tolson, is another case on the subject of mens-rea.

It was held in Mantu Lal. v/s State of M.P., that mens-rea is an essential element of a criminal offence. Doubtless a statute may exclude the element of mens-rea but it is sound role of construction adopted in England and also accepted in India to construe a statutory provision creating an offence in conformity with the common law rather than against it unless the statute expressly or by necessary implication excluded mens-rea.

The mere fact that the object of the statute  expressly or by necessary implication excluded mens-rea or the mere fact that the object of the statute is to promote welfare activities or to eradicate a grave social evil is by itself not decisive  of the question whether the element of guilty mind is excluded from the ingredient of an offence.

Mens-rea by necessary implication may be excluded from a statute only where it is absolutely clear that the implementation of the object of the statute would otherwise be defeated. The nature of mens-rea that would be implied in a statute creating an offence depends on the object of the Act and the provisions thereof.

In India, law is codified and offences are carefully defined. The definition itself contains the essential requirement to constitute the crime.

In Indian panel code, Words denoting mens-rea are voluntary, reason to believe, dishonestly, fraudulently which are defined and words corruptly, malignantly and maliciously, wantonly, rashly and negligently are used occasionally but not defined in the code.