CURRENT AFFAIRS (APR’18)
- On 1 April 2018 which city became the first city in India to retail Bharat Stage-VI grade petrol and diesel? – Delhi
– Now 13 other cities are likely to get BS-VI grade fuel by 2019. However, vehicle makers and fuel suppliers were caught off-guard by the government’s shock announcement in early 2016 of skipping BS-V altogether and bringing forward the introduction of BS-VI norms to 2020.
- What is the name of the Chinese space station that burned over the South Pacific Ocean as it re-entered the earth’s atmosphere on 2 April 2018? – ‘Tiangong-1’
- India surpassed which country to emerge as the second largest mobile phone producer in the world after China, as was disclosed on 1 April 2018? – Vietnam
- What is the population of the famous one-horned rhino in Assam’s Kaziranga National Park as disclosed in the 2018 census that was released on 30 March 2018? – 2,413
- On 30 March 2018 who was appointed the first Director-General of the National Testing Agency (NTA), the upcoming body dedicated to conducting entrance tests for higher education in India? – Vineet Joshi
- Share prices of ICICI Bank slumped drastically on 2 April 2018 to log its biggest single day drop in two years primarily due to which reason? – A news report that the CBI has launched a preliminary enquiry to verify the bank’s Rs. 40,000 crore loan to Videocon group
- Which new payments bank started its operations from April 2018? – Jio Payments Bank Ltd.
- Which institution was named overall India’s top higher educational institute in the NIRF India Rankings 2018 that were released on 4 April 2018? – Indian Institute of Science (IISc)
-Bangalore-based Indian Institute of Science (IISc) is India’s top-ranked higher educational institute. This was disclosed in the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF)’s India Rankings 2018 that was released on 4 April 2018 in New Delhi’s Vigyan Bhawan. NIRF is the nationwide ranking study undertaken by the Union Human Resources Ministry (HRD Ministry) that analysed 3,954 institutes across nine parameters this year.
– This year the ranking has been given in 9 categories which include the Top Universities, Top Colleges, Top Engineering College, Top Medical College, Top Management College, Top Law Colleges, Top Pharmacy Colleges and Top Architecture Colleges of India. There is also an Overall Category.
– IISc topped in the category of Top Universities as well as Overall Category. It was followed by Delhi’s Jawaharlal Nehru University and Banaras Hindu University in top Universities category.
Results of NIRF India Rankings 2018
Overall Top Institute – IISc Bangalore
Top University of India: IISc Bangalore
Top College of India: Miranda House, Delhi
Top Engineering College: IIT Madras
Top Management College: IIM Ahmedabad
Top Medical College of India: All India Institutes of Medical Sciences, Delhi
Top Architecture College of India: IIT Kharagpur
Top Pharmacy College of India: National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Mohali (Punjab)
Top Law College of India: National Law School of India University, Bengaluru
- The trial run of the first container train from India to Bangladesh was flagged-off on 2 April 2018 from the Concor terminus in West Bengal. What was the end destination of this ambitious train? – Bangabandhu West station (Bangladesh)
-It is worth mentioning that while passenger and goods trains run between the two countries, it was for the first time that a container train went to Bangladesh from India.
- The 21st edition of the Commonwealth Games (officially called XXI Commonwealth Games) started with a grand opening ceremony held Carrara Stadium in Gold Coast city of Queensland, Australia on 4 April 2018. Who led the 227-member Indian contingent as the flag bearer in the opening ceremony? – PV Sindhu
-Ace badminton player PV Sindhu was the flag-bearer for India at the opening ceremony of the 2018 edition of Commonwealth Games. The opening ceremony was held at Carrara Stadium in Gold Coast city. It is the fifth time Australia is hosting the Commonwealth Games.
– Around 71 countries of the Commonwealth fraternity are taking part in these games, which comprises of 275 events from 19 sports. “Share the Dream” is the official motto of these Games. Borobi, a blue koala, is the official mascot of the Games. The term “Borobi” is an Aboriginal term for koala.
– Australian athlete Sally Pearson was the final runner of the traditional Queen’s baton while Karen Murphy took oath representing all athletes.
- Homegrown ride-hailing major Ola on 3 April 2018 acquired which end-to-end public transport ticketing app with the primary objective of integrating its own services with mass transit infrastructure that exists in cities? – Ridlr
- ho won India’s first gold medal at the 21st Commonwealth Games on the first day of competitive events on 5 April 2018? – Saikhom Mirabai Chanu
-She broke six records in six lifts to finish first in the women’s 48 kg with a combined effort of 196kg to smash her previous career best of 194kg. This was Saikhom’s second CWG medal following the silver she won in Glasgow four years ago.
– However, India’s first medal of the games came through weightlifter P. Gururaja. He claimed a silver medal in the men’s 56kg category in Gold Coast on 5 April 2018, before Chanu’s golden lift. He equalled his personal best of 249kg (111+138) to finish second after Malaysia’s three-time Commonwealth Championships medallist Muhammad Izhar Ahmed (117+144).
- Which city has become the first-ever Indian urban area of the country where the total number of vehicles surpassed the human population? – Pune
- On 6 April 2018 who became the youngest athlete to win a CWG medal for India after winning a bronze medal in the men’s 69kg weightlifting? – Deepak Lather
-18-year old Deepak Lather created history for India as he won a bronze medal in the men’s 69kg weightlifting category at the ongoing 21 Commonwealth Games on 6 April 2018. With this medal win he became the youngest athlete to win a CWG medal for India.
– Lather lifted a total of 295 kg (136kg (snatch) + 159 kg (clean and jerk)) to finish in the third position. He had held a national record at the age of 15.
- 5 Lok Sabha MPs of which political party on 6 April 2018 submitted their resignations to the Lok Sabha Speaker in protest against Andhra Pradesh not being accorded special category status? – YSR Congress Party (YSRCP)
- What is the name of South Korea’s disgraced former president who was jailed for 24 years on 6 April 2018 for corruption? – Park Geun-Hye
- The RBI has switched back to the gross domestic product (GDP)-based measure to offer its growth estimates from the gross value added (GVA) methodology. From when was the GVA methodology employed? – January 2015
-The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has switched back to the gross domestic product (GDP)-based measure to offer its growth estimates from the gross value added (GVA) methodology, citing global best practices.
– The government had started analyzing growth estimates using GVA methodology from January 2015 and had also changed the base year to 2018 from January.
– While GVA gives a picture of the state of economic activity from the producers’ side or supply side, the GDP model gives the picture from the consumers’ side or demand perspective. The switch to GDP is mainly to conform to international standards.
- Who is Union Government’s new nominee on ICICI Bank’s Board, as was announced on 6 April 2018? – Lok Ranjan
- Leander Paes became the most successful doubles player in the history of Davis Cup with a record 43rd win over China on 7 April 2018. He was tied on 42 wins with which great Italian player for long? – Nicola Pietrangeli
- What are the names of two languages unknown to linguists till now, which were discovered by a professor of linguists of the University of Hyderabad? – Walmiki and Malhar
-The University of Hyderabad on 6 April 2018 announced that two languages – Walmiki and Malhar, “which were lying hidden from linguists” have been discovered by a professor of linguistics in the institution.
– These two languages were discovered by Prof. Panchanan Mohanty of the University.
– First of these languages is called “Walmiki” and is spoken in the district of Koraput of Odisha and on the bordering districts of Andhra Pradesh. The second language “Malhar” is spoken in a remote and isolated hamlet about 165 km away from Bhubaneswar.
- Which state on 7 April 2018 launched the “Ganga Hariteema Yojana” with the primary objective of enhancing the green cover in the catchment areas of the river Ganga and to control the land erosion? – Uttar Pradesh
- Indian women’s table tennis team created history at the 2018 Commonwealth Games in Gold Coast on 8 April 2018 by winning the team gold medal for the first time ever. India defeated which powerful team in the finals? – Singapore
- What is the name of the 16-year old shooter who became the youngest Indian to win a Commonwealth Games gold medal by winning the women’s 10m Air Pistol title on 8 April 2018? – Manu Bhaker
-16-year old Manu thus became the youngest Indian ever to win any Commonwealth Games medal. It is worth mentioning that just 2 days back 18-year old weightlifter Deepak Lather had achieved this distinction.
- India’s first 12,000 horsepower electric locomotive was flagged-off by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 10 April 2018. This first-of-its-kind engine has been developed at which locomotive plant of Bihar? – Madhepura Locomotive Factory
-India’s first 12,000 horsepower electric locomotive has been developed at Madhepura’s Electric Locomotive Factory (Bihar). It is the first big Make-in-India project completed by Alstom of France. It is a double section locomotive each having a hauling capacity of 6,000 tonnes.
– With a speed of 120 km/hr., the high-speed all-electric locomotive will reduce the congestion faced by Indian railways. The heavy haulage locomotives will be used to transport coal and iron ore.
– With 100% electrification, the new locomotive will not only bring down operating costs for the Railways but will significantly cut down greenhouse gas emissions as well. With launch of this state-of-the-art locomotive India will now competing with Russia, China, Germany and Sweden that have successfully run 12,000 horsepower and above capacity electric locomotives.
– Under the Make-in-India project, about 35 locos will be manufactured at the Madhepura facility in the next fiscal (2019-20) and 60 in 2020-21.
- Which Indian airport made its debut in Airports Council International (ACI’s) World’s 20 Busiest Airports List that was released on 9 April 2018? – Indira Gandhi International Airport (New Delhi)
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 10 April 2018 attended the concluding ceremony of the Champaran Satyagraha’s centenary celebrations in Motihari (Bihar) where he led the nation in offering the gratitude to this iconic movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. What was the theme of this centenary celebration? – “Satyagraha se Swachhagrah”
-“Satyagraha se Swachhagrah” was the theme selected for the concluding ceremony of the Champaran Satyagraha’s centenary celebrations that was held on 10 April 2018 in Motihari in Bihar. Cleanliness was chosen as the pivot for this historic occasion and the Prime Minister addressed around 20,000 ‘Swachhagrahis’ (cleanliness ambassadors).
– Swachhagrahis are the ‘foot soldiers’ and motivators to implement the community approaches to sanitation at the village level.
– Mahatma Gandhi had launched the Champaran Satyagrah on 10 April 1917 against the British to fight for rights of farmers who were forced to undertake indigo cultivation. The success of this movement inspired the Mahatma to take on his fight against British to greater levels.
- What is the name of the framework devised by the NABARD for regional rural banks (RRBs) that aims at enabling RRBs that fail to meet prudential requirements relating to numerous performance parameters? – ‘Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) Framework’
- Which country hosted the 2018 Commonwealth Games (officially known as the XXI Commonwealth Games)? – Australia
- – Which city of Australia was the host city of the 2018 Commonwealth Games? – Gold Coast (Queensland)
- – With completion of 2018 Commonwealth Games, Australia has now hosted these Games how many times? – Fifth time (Sydney (1938), Perth (1962), Brisbane (1982), Melbourne (2006) and Gold Coast (2018))
- 2018 Commonwealth Games was which edition of these Games? – 21st
- What was the motto of 2018 Commonwealth Games? – “Share the Dream”
- – What was the official mascot of the 2018 Commonwealth Games? – Borobi (Borobi, the mascot of 2018 Commonwealth Games, is a male Koala with blue fur and unusual markings on his paws. It is based on a character submitted by Merrilyn Krohn)
- What was an important landmark fact associated with the 2018 Commonwealth Games? – It was the first time a major multi-sport event achieved gender equality by having an equal number of events for males and females
- – Which was the main stadium for the 2018 Commonwealth Games? – Carrara Stadium (Gold Coast)
- How many countries participated in 2018 Commonwealth Games? – 71
- Which African country made its return to Commonwealth Games through this edition of the Games? – Gambia (It was readmitted as a Commonwealth Games Federation member on 31 March 2018)
- Which Asian country didn’t participate in these Games as it had withdrawn as a member of the Commonwealth? – Maldives (It was scheduled to participate in these Games, but didn’t participate as in October 2016 it withdrew from the Commonwealth)
- Which country topped the medals tally of 2018 Commonwealth Games? – Australia (It won total 198 medals including 80 gold medals, 59 silvers and 59 bronze medals. It was followed by England, India, Canada and New Zealand in top 5 countries list)
- What is India’s position in the medals tally? – 3rd (It won total 66 medals including 26 gold, 20 silver and 20 bronze medals)
- In total how many countries won medals in these Games? – 43 countries (The medals shared between 43 countries beat the previous best of 39 which was set at Manchester 2002 and equalled at Melbourne 2006)
- – How many countries won Gold medals/medal in the 2018 Commonwealth Games? – 29 countries
- – Who won the first Gold medal of the 2018 Commonwealth Games? – Flora Duffy of Bermuda (She won Gold medal in Women’s Triathlon event. She also claim Bermuda’s first ever women’s gold medal)
- – Who was the fastest male athlete of 2018 Commonwealth Games? – Akani Simbine (South Africa) – He won the gold medal of men’s 100m sprint in a time of 10:03 seconds
- – What is an important fact associated with Akani Simbine’s 100m title win? – It marked the first time in 20 years that an athlete from a Caribbean country has not held the title of the Commonwealth’s fastest man
- -Who was the fastest female athlete of 2018 Commonwealth Games? – Michelle-Lee Ahye (Trinidad and Tobago) – With her win, she became the first woman from Trinidad and Tobago to win 100m Commonwealth Games gold and the nation’s first gold medallist since Ato Bolden won the men’s 100m race in 1998
- Who won the highest 5 gold medal in the 2018 Commonwealth Games? – Mitchell James Larkin (Australia) – Larkin is an Australian swimmer who won 5 gold medals in the Games. He won gold medals in men’s backstroke 50m, 100m and 200m, Men’s 200m Individual Medley and Men’s 4 x 100m Medley.
- – Which three players won the highest individual medals in 2018 the 2018 Commonwealth Games? – Emma McKeon (Australia), Nile Wilson and Diamanto Evirpidou (Cyprus) – All these players won four gold, a silver and a bronze medal. While McKeon won these medals in swimming, Wilson and Evirpidou won in gymnastics.
- – Who was recognised as the outstanding athlete of the 2018 Commonwealth Games and was awarded the David Dixon Award? – David Liti (New Zealand) – Liti a weightlifer from New Zealand, had lifted a total 403kg in the men’s 105kg division while breaking a Commonwealth Games record in the clean and jerk, lifting 229kg, to take home gold)
- Complete Medals Tally – 2018 Commonwealth Games
- Position Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Australia 80 59 59 198
2 England 45 45 46 136
3 India 26 20 20 66
4 Canada 15 40 27 82
5 New Zealand 15 16 15 46
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 14 April 2018 rolled-out the ambitious Ayushman Bharat Yojana that aims at covering 10 crore poor and vulnerable families and provide a medical cover of Rs 5 lakh per family per year. The first healthcare and wellness centre under this scheme was inaugurated at which place? – Bijapur (Chhattisgarh)
– “Ayushman Bharat”, also known as the National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS), has twin missions – first, creating a network of health and wellness centres to deliver comprehensive primary healthcare close to the community, and second, providing insurance cover to 40% of India’s population, that is most deprived, for secondary and tertiary care, including for instance, hospitalisation costs.
– It aims at covering 10 crore poor and vulnerable families and provide a cover of Rs 5 lakh per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalisation.
- What is the name of the eighth and the last satellite of the IRNSS series that was launched on April 2018 with which India’s long cherished dream of owning an indigenous navigation satellite system has been accomplished? – IRNSS-1I
-India’s long cherished dream of owning an indigenous navigation satellite system, officially known as NavIC (navigation with Indian constellation), has been accomplished as Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C41) successfully launched IRNSS-1I, eighth and the last satellite of the IRNSS constellation into the targeted Sub-Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit on 12 April 2018.
– The PSLV-C41 rocket measuring 44.4 m in height and weighing 321 tonnes lifted off from the first launch pad at 4.04 am from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota. IRNSS-1I was placed in the desired orbit by the rocket.
– It is a culmination of 17 years of rigorous work by Indian space scientists. India took a firm decision on IRNSS in 1999 after the US government refused to share GPS data that would provide vital information on Pakistani troops position during Kargil war.
- Who was appointed the new Chairman of the Banks Board Bureau (BBB) by the Union Government on 12 April 2018? – Bhanu Pratap Sharma
- India’s first laboratory dedicated to standardisation, research and manufacturing of 5G equipment has been opened in which IIT? – IIT Delhi
- 257 people were killed after an Algerian military plane crashed near capital Algiers on 11 April 2018. This was the worst-ever air disaster in Algerian history. This plane took-off from which military airport? – Boufarik
- Who is heading the newly constituted task force for fast-tracking the roll-out of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) technology, which was announced by the Union Government on 12 April 2018? – Jayant Sinha
- The remaining six matches of the Indian Premier League (IPL) in Chennai were moved out of the city on 11 April 2018. What is the reason for this? – Protests over Cauvery water dispute (Pune will be home team Chennai Super King’s new home venue.)
- Which publications jointly won the Pulitzer Prize for public service for explosive reporting, as was announced by the Pulitzer Prize committee on 16 April 2018? – “The New York Times” and “The New Yorker”
- Which corporate entity on 17 April 2018 became the latest entrant to the Rs.1 trillion market capitalization club of the Indian capital markets? – Mahindra and Mahindra Ltd (M&M)
-It also became the second most valued automaker in India. Its market cap is now higher than Tata Motors Ltd, Eicher Motors Ltd and Bajaj Auto Ltd. India’s largest car maker Maruti Suzuki India Ltd remained nation’s most valuable automaker with market cap of Rs. 2.77 trillion.
- What is the name of the judge hearing the Mecca Masjid blast case of 2007 who resigned from his post after acquitting all accused from the case on 16 April 2018? – K. Ravinder Reddy
- The Minister of Commerce & Industry Suresh Prabhu on 17 April 2018 launched a digital platform named “FIEO GlobalLinker” for digitalizing export businesses. This platform is for which category of exporters? – MSME exporters
- Surendra Nihal Singh, who passed away on 16 April 2018, was an eminent personality associated with which field? – Journalism
- 89-year old Surendra Nihal Singh was a senior journalist and was associated with some of the most reputed newspapers/publications like “The Statesman”, “The Indian Express” and “The Indian Post” (of which he was the founding editor).
– He was editor of Calcutta-based “The Statesman” when the Emergency was imposed by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1975. He was awarded the prestigious “International Editor of the Year Award” in New York for his role in opposing the Emergency.
– His last assignment was as Editor of the “Khaleej Times” of Dubai in 1994. After that, he turned independent columnist.
- Veteran filmmaker and Bhimsain, best known for his film “Gharaonda”, passed away late in Mumbai on 17 April 2018. He was a pioneer of which field through which he made enormous contribution to the Indian television industry? – Animation
- Which entity became the first of the 12 large loan defaulters identified by the RBI to win court approval to exit bankruptcy, after an NCLT bench cleared its resolution plan on 17 April 2018? – Electrosteel Steels Ltd.
- The International Astronomical Union (IAU) on 16 April 2018 named one crater on Pluto’s largest moon – Charon after which mythological character from Mahabharata? – ‘Revati’
- Which bank bagged the prestigious “Banco Award” for best performing cooperative bank in a function held on 15 April 2018? – Bhuj Mercantile Cooperative Bank
- According to the database of the IMF’s World Economic Outlook (WEO) for April 2018, India has displaced which country to emerge as the world’s sixth largest economy? – France
-With Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of $2.6 trillion, India is now the world’s sixth largest economy, displacing France. The five economies ahead are the United States, China, Japan, Germany and United Kingdom.
– This was disclosed in the database of the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF’s) World Economic Outlook (WEO) for April 2018, which was released on 19 April 2018.
- On 19 April 2018 who was named the new President of Cuba replacing Raul Castro and thus became the first-ever non-Castro to become country’s President in more than 4 decades? – Miguel Díaz-Canel
- Which state government on 18 April 2018 claimed to have achieved the Open Defecation Free (ODF) status? – Maharashtra
– According to the disclosure made by the Chief Minister, 60.41 lakh households have got toilets in three-and-a-half years.
– According to the guidelines issued by the Centre, an area is declared ODF if 95% of the population has a toilet or access to it within 100 meters from the household.
- Which global FMCG and pharma conglomerate is buying the consumer health business of German drugmaker Merck for $4.2 billion, as was announced on 19 April 2018? – Procter & Gamble (P&G)
- What is the name given to the special chartered train that started from Chennai Central on 19 April 2018 to take the fans of Chennai Super Kings (CSK) to travel to Pune to watch the match against Rajasthan Royals? – ‘Whistlepodu Express’
- Which African country on 18 April 2018 announced that it would officially change the name of his country to the “Kingdom of eSwatini”? – Swaziland
– It is worth mentioning that the king on several previous occasions, including during a 2017 address to the U.N. General Assembly, has referred to Swaziland using his preferred term eSwatini. eSwatini means “land of the Swazis” in the Swati language.
– The King made this announcement during a joint celebration of the 50th anniversary of Swazi independence as well as his own 50th birthday. He described the change as reverting back to the country’s original name before colonization by the British. The small country situated in southern Africa, gained independence in 1968.
- Former Delhi High Court Chief Justice Rajinder Sachar, who passed away on 20 April 2018, had chaired an important committee that looked into the status of which community? – Muslims
- During April 2018 the RBI imposed withdrawal and business restrictions on which Mumbai-based bank? – The City Co-operative Bank Ltd
- Private sector lender YES Bank has got approval from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to open two international representative offices. The new offices will come up in which cities? – London and Singapore
- The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) for 2018 was held on 19 and 20 April 2018 at which place? – London
– The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2018 (also known as CHOGM 2018, was the 25thmeeting of the heads of government of the Commonwealth nations. It was held in London (UK) on 19 and 20 April 2018. The meeting had been planned to have been held by Vanuatu at the end of 2017, but was moved to the United Kingdom after the impact of Cyclone Pam on the infrastructure of Vanuatu.
– The theme of the summit was “Towards a Common Future”. This was the first CHOGM held following the United Kingdom’s decision to withdraw from the European Union, a decision which has resulted in calls for Britain to strengthen its economic ties with and play a greater role in the Commonwealth.
– CHOGM 2018 was headed by Theresa May, Prime Minister of the UK. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi represented India in the meeting marking the first time since CHOGM 2011 that a Prime Minister of India has attended the summit.
- What is the name given to Indian Air Force’s biggest exercise in over three decades to showcase its air dominance over the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) that concluded on 22 April 2018? – “Gagan Shakti”
- “Gagan Shakti” is the name of the biggest air exercise in over three decades undertaken by India to showcase its air dominance over the entire extended area of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). It was undertaken by the Indian Air Force (IAF) from 8 to 22 April 2018 in three stages.
– To conduct this exercise, the IAF mobilized almost the entire assets of the IAF, including its fighter squadrons, and was used to assess war waging might of the force. More than 1,100 combat, transport and rotary wing (helicopter) aircrafts, apart from 300 officers and 1500 airmen were involved in it.
– “Gagan Shakti” was conducted in all terrain operations – desert, high altitude, maritime scenarios and special operations- in real time with specific focus on key areas like aerial combat, air to surface combat, paratrooper assault and medical evacuation.
– The first stage was conducted in the western border with Pakistan, the second in the eastern corridor near China and the third in the southern peninsula and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
- What is the name of the ordinance promulgated by President Ram Nath Kovind on 22 April 2018 that paves way for providing stringent punishment, including death penalty, for those convicted of raping girls below the age of 12 years? – Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance 2018
-The Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance 2018 that was promulgated by President Ram Nath Kovind on 22 April 2018 stipulates stringent punishment for perpetrators of rape, particularly of girls below 16 and 12 years. Death sentence has been provided for rapists of girls under 12 years
– New fast-track courts will be set up to deal with such cases and special forensic kits for rape cases will be given to all police stations and hospitals in the long term. There will also be no provision for anticipatory bail for a person accused of rape or gang rape of a girl under 16 years.
- A group of 50 alumni from the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) across the country quit their jobs to form a political party to fight for the rights of SCs, STs and OBCs. What the name of this political party is, as was announced on 22 April 2018? – “Bahujan Azad Party”
- Cinema returned to which Muslim country after nearly 35 years with the screening of the first film on 20 April 2018 in a newly opened cinema hall? – Saudi Arabia
- The Union Government withdrew the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) totally from which Northeastern state, as was disclosed on 23 April 2018? – Meghalaya
-With insurgency-related incidents in the northeast region down by 85% from the levels recorded at the peak of militancy two decades ago, the Centre has withdrawn the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) totally from Meghalaya as well as from eight out of 16 police stations in Arunachal Pradesh, with effect from 31 March 2018.
– This information was disclosed by the Union Home Ministry on 23 April 2018. AFSPA, which gives special powers and immunity to the armed forces deployed in areas declared “disturbed” under the Act, had been in force in Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh for almost 27 years.
– The two states bordering Assam were declared “disturbed” in 1991 to avoid a spillover effect of insurgency by Assam-based outfits like the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA).
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the restructured Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA) on the occasion of National Panchayati Raj Day on 24 April 2018. This scheme was launched at which place? – Ramnagar, Mandla (Madhya Pradesh)
-The new scheme will focus on training, building infrastructure, stepping up initiatives for e-governance under the e-Panchayat Mission Mode Project (MMP). It will extend to all states and Union Territories and will also include institutions of rural local government in non-Part IX areas, where panchayats do not exist.
– It was launched in Ramnagar in Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh. Ramnagar, which is located on the banks of the river Narmada and falls in a tribal dominated area, was decorated in a grand manner for the occasion.
- The Committee constituted by the Ministry of Women and Child Development on legal issues related to inter country removal & retention of children submitted its report on 23 April 2018. Who is heading this committee? – Justice Rajesh Bindal
-The Committee submitted its report to Maneka Sanjay Gandhi, Minister for Women and Child Development on 23 April 2018. Stressing upon the need for mediation as the first step, the Committee has recommended that the Government may establish an ‘Inter Country Parental Child Removal Disputes Resolution Authority’. The authority has been envisaged to provide a one window solution in cases of inter country removal and retention of Children.
- During April 2018 which city became the first city in India to run 100% on renewable energy during the daytime? – Diu Smart City
- Which entity on 23 April 2018 the first Indian technology company to achieve the $100 billion market capitalization mark? – Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)
-Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) became first Indian technology company to achieve the $100 billion market capitalization mark on 23 April 2018. On this day TCS’ share price grew by 4 per cent to Rs. 3,541, pushing the market capitalisation of India’s biggest outsourcer to Rs. 6,78,002 crore.
– Earlier the company had posted its biggest-ever net profit of Rs. 6,904 crore in the 4th quarter on 19 April 2018.
– It is worth mentioning that Mukesh Ambani-led Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) became India’s first $100 billion m-cap company way back in 2008. Its preset m-cap is below $90 billion mark. Thus TCS is the second Indian corporate company to achieve $100 billion m-cap.
- What history was created by senior advocate Indu Malhotra on 27 April 2018? – She became the first-ever woman lawyer to be directly appointed to the Supreme Court
-She thus became the first-ever woman lawyer to be directly appointed to the apex court.
– She is the 7th woman to become Supreme Court judge. All the women SC judges, six in all, had so far been elevated from High Courts. In 2007, Indu was only the second woman lawyer to be appointed as senior advocate by the Supreme Court, three decades after the first, Justice Leila Seth, was designated.
– Earlier her name was cleared by the Union Government while the name of Uttarakhand high court Chief Justice Kuttiyil Mathew Joseph, the chief bone of contention between the SC collegium and the government, remained on hold.
- Former Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar was appointed for the post of Group President (Global Corporate Affairs) by which noted corporate group, as was announced on 23 April 2018? – Tata Sons
- What is India’s rank in the 2018 World Press Freedom Index (WPFI) that was released by Reporters Without Borders (RSF) on 25 April 2018? – 138 out of 180 countries
-India is ranked 138 out of 180 countries in the 2018 World Press Freedom Index, down two places from 2017, in the latest annual report released by Reporters Without Borders. The report was released on 25 April 2018.
– The physical violence against journalists is largely responsible for India’s low ranking. The organisation cited the case of the killing of journalist and activist Gauri Lankesh who was shot down outside her house in Bengaluru in September last year.
– Norway topped the list for the second year in a row, the while North Korea remained the most repressive country followed by Eritrea, Turkmenistan, Syria and then China.
– Reporters Without Borders, or Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF), is an international non-profit, non-governmental organization that promotes and defends freedom of information and freedom of the press. It is headquartered in Paris (France).
- What is the name of the cellular tower business of Vodafone, Idea and Providence Equity Partner that will be merged into Bharti Infratel’s to form the largest tower company in the world outside China? – Indus Towers
- Which village of Manipur state on 28 April 2018 became the last village in India to be added to the national power grid with which the Union Government met the ambitious target of connecting all villages of the country to the national electricity grid? – Leisang
-The Narendra Modi-led Union Government on 29 April 2018 announced that it had achieved the target of connecting all 18,452 un-electrified villages of the country to the national electricity grid. It claimed that Leisang in Manipur became the last village to be added to the national power grid on 28 April 2018.
– The rural electrification scheme to supply power to 18,452 census villages that have never seen power since Independence has been one of the pet schemes of PM Narendra Modi.
– The government started electrifying over 18,000 villages, which did not have access to power, in 2015 and has already connected them to the central grid ahead of the 2019 deadline.
– Of the 170 million rural households in the country, the government website claims to have connected 82% of them. Metered households are 50% of the total.
- The historic informal summit meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Xi Jinping was held in which Chinese city on 27 and 28 April 2018? – Wuhan
- Which group became the first corporate house in India’s history to adopt a historical monument, as was disclosed on 29 April 2018? – Dalmia Bharat Group
-Dalmia Bharat Group became the first corporate house in India’s history to adopt a historical monument after it was awarded a contract worth Rs. 250 million (or Rs. 25 crore) spanning five years for maintaining the 17th century Red Fort.
– The Dalmia Bharat group won the contract by beating IndiGo Airlines and the GMR group in the race to bag one of the most prestigious contracts under the Indian government’s ‘Adopt A Heritage’ scheme.
– A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between Dalmia Bharat Limited, Ministry of Tourism, Ministry of Culture and the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) on 9 April, even though the Ministry of Tourism went public with the deal on 25 April 2018.
– This was part of the Modi administration’s plan to allow corporate control of some monuments and heritage sites, so that their maintenance and operations could be handled more professionally.
- What is the name of the Pakistani-origin politician who was appointed United Kingdom’s new Interior Minister on 30 April 2018, a day after Amber Rudd resigned from the post? – Sajid Javid
-Pakistani-origin MP Sajid Javid was on 30 April 2018 appointed U.K.’s new Home Secretary. He replaced Amber Rudd who resigned a day earlier after admitting that she had “inadvertently misled” Parliament over the existence of deportation targets for immigrants.
– Javid, the son of a Pakistani bus driver whose family migrated to Britain in the 1960s, was promoted from his Cabinet post of Communities, Local Government and Housing Minister. The 48-year-old former investment banker is the Conservative party MP for and has previously held business and culture portfolios in the U.K. government.