To write the Best answer in UPSC mains one need to understand what they have been asked
The first Aim should be to understand the requirement. it is important to fully understand what a question or brief means and how it should be answered.In order to understand the question, it is useful to analyze the questions and to search for certain components. An approach to explain and guide the aspirant is explained below:
Understand the importance of your answer: Before doing anything, we should know its importance and why? One writing the answer in mains do have this awareness but the actual consciousness only a few have.
One should understand the expectation first. What is being expected by the examiner? What are they looking for in one’s answers. Just having the subject knowledge is not enough. One should understand the subject knowledge and should be able to relate it to other aspects. Here we will discuss how to cover all these in steps.
The First Step is to understand the question. This is one the most important phase of answer writing. one simple mistake in interpreting the question would lead to turning efforts into a scrap.
To understand the question, we should know the components of the questions.
The components of a question:
Most examination questions and Essays contain the following components:
Subject matter or topic: — the most general terms, what is the question about?
Aspect or focus: This is the angle or point of view on the subject matter. What aspect of the subject matter is the question about?
Instruction or comment: This refers to the instruction word or phrase. These instructions tell the student exactly what to do.
Some titles also contain the following components:
Restriction or expansion of the subject matter. This is the detailed limitation of the topic. What, in specific terms, is the question about?
Viewpoint: This refers to the requirement, in the question, that the writer writes from – or evaluates – a point of view given by the setter of the question.
So now, Once you can understand the composition of the questions, you are good to start with the very step of writing the answers.
Analyse the title: This is the most important part of answer writing skill in Main Exam. It has four phases as mentioned below:
1. Identify: here one need to Identify the title or subject area from the question body.
2. Restriction/relation/Expansion: here we need to tailor the subject area as per question need.
3. Instruction: This is to understand the requirement. What does it require you? There are different types of instruction which has been covered in later parts.
4. View Points: This is something mentioned in the question or one can easily infer from the question. This is being provided by the question setter and this might not be true every time. Here one need t related one’s own viewpoint considering the viewpoint provided. it might need to evaluate or relate different viewpoints. Sometimes, a viewpoint provided in the question restrict or related the subject matter to others. Hence this is something one must consider before scripting the answer.