Best IAS Coaching Institute in Lucknow

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The Aspirants of Lucknow is very competitive and is getting increasingly indulged in UPSC Civil Services Examination. IAS NEXT – Best IAS Coaching Institute in Lucknow, A Coaching Institute can prove extremely fruitful for an IAS/UPSC aspirant in his initial UPSC preparation phase.

However, most of the dedicated candidates cannot afford such a high fee ranging from Rs. 90,000 to Rs. 1.8 Lakhs. Therefore, IAS NEXT Coaching Institute which is one of the best IAS coaching in lko committed to providing high-quality education, mentorship and study material for Civil &Judicial Services Coaching in Lucknow at very reasonable and affordable fees.

IAS NEXT, UPSC Coaching Centre in Lucknow places emphasis on critical self-assessment of IAS aspirants. The IAS/UPSC foundation courses, IAS Coaching after 12th  are planned and strategized in the best way so that Aspirants can cover the vast UPSC/IAS Exam syllabus without any additional mental pressure.


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3 Yrs IAS Foundation Course After Intermediate /10+2

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Become an IAS Officer After 12th

If your vision becomes an IAS officer, it’s the right time to take your first step towards your aim. The best and easy way is to join our IAS Foundation Course just after your 10+2.

We at IAS Next, the best IAS coaching in Lucknow offers specially designed IAS Foundation Course for 10+2 candidates (English Medium Only) who are looking for a bright career in civil services.

Key Features of the IAS Foundation Course

  1. The clarity in theories & Concepts to answer any given question more accurately.
  2.  Multiple modes of delivering the same topic so as to ensure conceptual clarity
  3.  Adopt the most advanced technological of audio-videos, pictorial representations so as to build a realistic understanding of the subject matter.
  4.  Incredible insights to develop the best answers.
  5.  Detailed analysis of previous year questions so as to ensure
    •  Right orientation
    •  Prioritize the topics
    •  Helps you to choose what to read and more importantly what not to read
    •  To approach the main exam with the right strategy
  6.  Experienced faculty – Retired and In-service IAS/IPS officers.
  7.  India’s best quality and highly relevant printed materials.
  8.  The more personal, small-group teaching (supervisions) is the most distinctive feature of the classroom system.
  9.  High Success rate.

What do you Study here?

Geography – Economic and Human Geography of India and the World, like Distribution of Key natural resources, Earthquakes, Cyclones and other important phenomena.

History – Ancient, Medieval and Modern Indian History and also important world-historical events.

Economics – Utilization of Very important economic resources for the Growth and Development, Employment creation, Agriculture or Industrial planning, Land Reforms, Energy sector, etc.

Constitution and Governance> – Understanding of Indian Constitution, Centre-State Government relations, Good Governance concepts, Understanding Indian Judicial System, Electoral system, NGOs, Self-help Groups, Welfare Schemes etc.

International Relations – Indian and its neighbourhood relations, relations with other important countries, International Institutions like IMF, World Bank, European Union, BRICS, World Trade Organization WTO etc.

Science and Technology – Scientific developments in everyday life, Achievements of Indian Scientists, ISRO, NASA achievements, Revolution from Nano-Technology and Bio-Technology, etc.

Environmental issues – Environmental conservation, Reducing Environmental Pollution and Degradation etc.

Disaster Management – Earthquakes, Tsunamis, Cyclones, Droughts and Effective Control of Natural and Man-made disaster problems.

Internal Security issues – Addressing issues of Terrorism, Naxalism, Separatism, Communal issues, Security issues at the borders, Money laundering, Cyber Attacks and their preventive measures etc.

Ethics and Integrity – Ethics and morals in the society, Human Value system, Lessons from Great leaders, reformers and administrators, Family values, Values-driven Educational System, developing good Attitude etc.

Understanding these issues right from early age broadens the thinking about various issues. Every Child can have meaningful Education from Childhood.

Most Prestigious Career Opportunities

Can get the Best and the Most Prestigious career which others can only dream of.
This includes IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS and Indian Railways, Indian Postal Service, Indian Forest Service and many more top Central Government Jobs.

  •  These candidates can be selected for Intelligence Bureau (IB Officers), SSC Officers etc.
  •  Apart from this, there are a wide range of State government (Group-1, Group-2 Officers) and Central Government posts which can be cracked by those who prepare from their Childhood.
  •  Can get into Highest Cadre bank Officers posts like Probationary Officers, or Higher Managerial Officer posts Of Reserve Bank of India and other Well reputed national and global banks.
  •  Candidates who had prepared for Civil Services are given preference while recruiting for Most of the Top Private Managerial Jobs.

To know About Full course and Program visit : IAS NEXT 3 YEAR IAS FOUNDATION COURSE AFTER 12TH

Know About Other Career after 10+2 visit: Educate next

To Know About PCS-J Visit: Best PCS-J Coaching in Lucknow

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What is a Pressure Group?

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Comparison of Pressure Groups and Political Parties Differences.

A pressure group refers to any interest group that has members with common interests and these members making joint efforts to pressurise the formal political system to pursue their interests. They seek to exert influence government from outside, rather than becoming a part of it.

 They do not make policy decisions, but rather try to influence those who happen to be the policy-makers.

Thus, pressure groups are essentially external to the government and sometimes known as the informal face of t politics. 

The members of a pressure group are united by either a shared belief in a particular cause or a common set of interests. People with different ideological and party preferences may thus work happily together as members of the same pressure group.

Comparison of Pressure Groups and Political Parties Differences

While the Pressure groups seek to exert influence, political parties seek to win power.

The members of a pressure group have shared interests and common causes. They may have different ideologies and party preferences despite being members of the same group.

The political parties are associations of individuals sharing common values and preferences.   Pressure groups are formed to solve their immediate problems.

Political parties are formed on ideological lines and they continuously engage in the mobilisation of the masses with the aim to capture the power and consolidate their position to attain or realise their ideological goals. While the pressure groups have narrow issue focus, most political parties have broad issue focus as well as a vision for the future. 

Pressure groups are relatively temporary than political parties. 

 Pressure groups remain confined to a select group of people, unlike political parties which engage in mass mobilization.


Both the pressure groups and political parties are the main media through which the public’s views and interests are channelled to the government. 

Both of them carry out the representation, facilitate political participation and contribute to the policy process.   In some circumstances, the political parties may act as a pressure group.

Types of Pressure Group

Although the pressure groups can be distinguished in a variety of ways (including local/national/transnational groups and temporary/ permanent groups), the most common distinctions are as follows: 

Interest and cause groups

Insider and outsider groups

Interest and cause groups

 Interest Groups

 The interest groups, also known as ‘sectional’, ‘protective’ or ‘functional groups’ are those groups which represent a particular section of the society such as workers, employers, consumers, ethnic or religious groups etc. 

The interest groups are primarily concerned to protect or advance the interests of their members. The membership is limited to people in a particular occupation, career or economic position. All the members are motivated by material self-interest.

 The examples of such interest groups are trade unions, business corporations, trade associations, professional bodies etc. Since they represent a particular section of the society, they are called sectional groups.

 Specific examples are FICCI, ASSOCHAM and India’s all-powerful IT trade association NASSCOM.

Cause Groups

 Cause groups also are known as ‘promotional’, ‘attitude’ or ‘issue’ groups. Cause groups are based on shared attitudes or values rather than the common interests of its members. They seek to advance specific cause or causes ranging from charity activities, poverty reduction, education and environment, human rights, peace etc. 

Thus, the cause groups seek to advance particular ideals or principles. The members may be from different sections or with different interests. The members of the cause groups are motivated by moral or altruistic concerns. Specific examples of such groups include the WWF, Amnesty International etc. 

 Some pressure groups may be having the features of both interest and cause groups. For example, Association for India’s Development (AID) promotes sustainable, equitable and just development by supporting grassroots organizations in India.

At the same time, it also has campaigned for some specific interests such as free Binayak Sen campaign etc.

Difference between interest groups and cause groups

 The interest groups defend interests while the cause groups promote the cause.

Interest groups have a closed membership, cause groups have open memberships

The interest groups are more related to the material concerns of the group, cause groups are related to moral concerns for the group. 

Interest groups are for members only, cause groups are for wider society. 

Insider Groups and outsider Groups Insider Groups

The insider groups are those groups which are consulted on a regular basis by the government. Thus, they operate ‘inside’ the decision-making process with a variety of degree, regularity and level of consultation.

Some of these groups become ultra-insider groups consulted at ministerial level in the executive. The outsider groups have no special links to the government.

They try to exert influence indirectly via the mass media or through public opinion campaigns.

 Thus the difference can be summarized as follows: 

Inside groups have access to policymakers, outside groups have no access.

The Function of Pressure Group


  Pressure groups provide an alternative to the formal representative process or the functional representation by providing a mouthpiece for groups and interests that are not adequately represented through the electoral process or by political parties.

 Political participation

Pressure groups can be called the informal face of politics. The insider, as well as outside groups; the cause as well as interest groups, seek to exert influence precisely by mobilizing popular support through activities such as petitions, marches, demonstrations and other forms of political protest. 

Such forms of political participation have been particularly attractive to young people.


 Many pressure groups devote significant resources to carrying out research, maintaining websites, commenting on government policy and using high-profile academics, scientists and even celebrities to get their views across, with an emphasis to cultivate expert authority.

 Policy formulation

 Though the pressure groups themselves are not policy-makers, yet this does not prevent many of them from participating in the policy-making process.

Many pressure groups are a vital source of information and advice to the governments and therefore are regularly consulted in the process of policy formulation. 

The questions have always been raised on the influence of policy groups in policy formation.

For example, many times, only a small body of insider groups are involved in the policy formulation.

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El Nino Occurrences of over 400 Years

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  • A study has tracked El Niño occurrences of over 400 years.
  • The El Niño trends of the past have been studied on the basis of coral cores spanning the Pacific Ocean.
  • Coral cores — like tree rings and ice cores — have centuries-long growth patterns and contain isotopes that can tell us a lot about the climate of the past.
  • El Niños are linked to extreme weather across the globe, with particularly profound effects on precipitation and temperature extremes in Australia, South East Asia and the Americas.
  • Hence, the study is expected to strengthen the science of predicting extreme weathers and plan better.

Finding of the Study

  • El Niños have become stronger and their pattern too has been changing.
  • The trend of El Niño in the last four centuries shows a variation in El Niño types.
  • There has been an increase in central Pacific events (El Niño Modoki) lately.
  • The most recent 30-year period includes fewer, but more intense, eastern Pacific El Niño events.

Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO)

  • MJO is an eastward moving pulse of cloud & rainfall in the tropics that recurs every 30 to 60 days.
  • Unlike ENSO, which is stationary (in Pacific Ocean), the MJO is an eastward moving disturbance.
  • ENSO is associated with persistent features that last several seasons over the Pacific Ocean basin.
  • On the other hand, multiple MJO events occur within a season (i.e. weather varies on a week-to-week basis).
  • The MJO consists of enhanced rainfall convective phase and suppressed rainfall convective phase.
  • These two phases produce opposite changes in rainfall and this entire dipole propagates eastward.

Madden-Julian Oscillation impact on Weather

  • The MJO can modulate the timing and strength of monsoons.
  • The MJO can influence tropical cyclone numbers and strength in nearly all ocean basins.

The MJO can result in jet stream changes that can lead to cold air outbreaks, extreme heat events, and flooding rains over North America

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All About Corona Virus

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What is Coronavirus?

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.

Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people.

Important Note 1:
A Zoonotic disease is a disease spread between animals and people. Zoonotic diseases can be caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi.

Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans.

Several known corona viruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.

Important Note :2
Recently Leading health experts from around the world have been meeting at the World Health Organization’s Geneva headquarters to assess the current level of knowledge about the new COVID-19 disease.

The meeting, hosted in collaboration with GloPID-R (the Global Research Collaboration for Infectious Disease Preparedness)

GloPID-R is a global alliance of international research funding organizations investing in preparedness and response to epidemics.

Who’s at risk?

Fatality rate of Corona virus changes with age.
The average fatality rate is 2.3%, but it changes significantly with age – rising to nearly 15% among those over 80 years old.

What should do?

Responding to outbreaks isn’t a new issue for the global community, but Corona virus presents a number of challenges – including how efficiently it’s transmitted.

Donor governments should focus funding and efforts not only on their own citizens, but also on low- and middle-income countries.

Larger systemic changes are also necessary to help us respond to future outbreaks.

In any crisis, leaders have two equally important responsibilities: solve the immediate problem and keep it from happening again. The COVID-19 pandemic is an excellent case in point. The world needs to save lives now while also improving the way we respond to outbreaks in general.
The solution lies in Agile Governance.

Coronavirus has ‘pandemic potential’ – but what is a pandemic?

A pandemic is a new disease that has spread globally, according to the WHO. As most people are not immune to this new disease, it can spread beyond expectation.

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Food Safety Is Everyone’s Business: WHO

 “Access to sufficient amounts of safe and nutritious food is key to sustaining life and promoting good health. Food-borne diseases impede socio-economic development by straining health care systems and harming national economies, tourism and trade’’

It is everyone’s business,’’ says the World Health Organization (WHO) which has released figures that estimate 600 million cases of food-borne diseases occur annually worldwide. This translates into one in 10 people falling ill after eating contaminated food.

What is Food Safety?

Food Safety

Food safety is the absence of safe acceptable levels of hazards in food that may harm the health of consumers. Food-borne hazards can be microbiological, chemical or physical in nature and are often invisible to the plain eye: bacteria, viruses or pesticide residues are some examples. Food safety has a critical role in assuring that food stays safe at every stage of the food chain – from production to harvest, processing, storage, distribution, all the way to preparation and consumption.

Food Safety and the United Nations

Food Safety and the United Nations

The Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations (FAO) is the only international organization overseeing food safety along all aspects of the food chain.

Through a longstanding partnership, FAO and the World Health Organization (WHO) support global food safety and protect consumers’ health. FAO generally addresses food safety issues along the food chain during production and processing, while WHO typically oversees relationships with the public health sector. Safeguarding food so that it is safe to eat doesn’t stop with its purchase though. At home, consumers have a part to play in making sure that what they eat remains safe.

Cognizant of the urgent need to raise awareness at all levels and to promote and facilitate actions for global food safety, the General Assembly decided to designate 7 June as World Food Safety Day.


Why Do We Mark International Days?

International days are occasions to educate the public on issues of concern, to mobilize political will and resources to address global problems, and to celebrate and reinforce achievements of humanity.

2019 Theme: Food Safety, Everyone’s Business

The theme of this year’s inaugural World Food Safety Day  invites us to recognize that food safety is everyone’s business. The way in which food is produced, stored, handled and consumed affects the safety of our food. Complying with Global food standards, establishing effective regulatory food control systems including emergency preparedness and response, providing access to clean water, applying good agriculture practices (terrestrial, aquatic, livestock, horticulture), strengthening the use of food safety management systems by food business operators, and building capacities of consumers to make healthy food choices are some ways in which governments, international organizations, scientists, the private sector and civil society work to ensure food safety


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. FAO is an intergovernmental organization present in over 130 countries. The Organization is comprised of 194 Member States, two associate members and one member organization – The European Union. The world headquarter of FAO is  located in Rome.

FAO is also a source of knowledge and information, and helps developing countries in transition, modernize and improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices, ensuring good nutrition and food security for all.

 World health Organization (WHO)


The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group. Its predecessor, the Health Organization, was an agency of the League of Nations.

Food Safety and Sustainable Development GoalsFood Safety and Sustainable Development Goals

It is key to achieving several of the Sustainable Development Goals and World Food Safety Day brings it into the spotlight, to help prevent, detect and manage food borne risks. Safe food contributes to economic prosperity, boosting agriculture, market access, tourism and sustainable development.

Goal 2 — There is no food security without food safety. Ending hunger is about all people having access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round.

Goal 3 — It has a direct impact on people’s health and nutritional intake. Food borne diseases are preventable.

Goal 12 — When countries strengthen their regulatory, scientific and technological capacities to ensure that food is safe and of the expected quality throughout the food chain, they move towards more sustainable patterns of food production and consumption.

Goal 17 — A globalized world with annual food exports currently in excess of USD 1.6 trillion and complex food systems demands international cooperation across sectors to ensure food is safe. Food safety is a shared responsibility among governments, food industries, producers and consumers.

References –

The Hindu, United Nation website, FAO website, WHO website

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Cyclone Fani

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Cyclone Fani has left a trail of destruction across a large part of coastal Odisha ,but its management has emerged as a Cyclone Faniglobal example of how timely weather alerts,  preparedness and informed public participation can dramatically reduce loss of life.

The toll from the extremely severe cyclonic storm on May 3 , 2019 stood, at last count, at 34 deaths. In terms of material losses, several districts were battered, houses flattened and electricity and telecommunications infrastructure destroyed, but the relatively low mortality shows a dramatic transformation from the loss of over 10,000 lives in 1999 when super cyclone 05B struck. Odisha then worked to upgrade its preparedness, which was tested when very severe cyclonic storm Phailin struck in 2013. It was able to bring down the number of deaths to 44 then, in spite of a wide arc of destruction: 13 million people were hit and half a million houses destroyed. The Odisha government and the Centre now have the task of rebuilding infrastructure. They should use the opportunity to upgrade technology, achieve cost efficiencies and build resilience to extreme weather, all of which can minimise future losses. Given the vulnerability of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh to cyclones, the frequency and intensity of which may be influenced by a changing climate, the center should press for global environmental funding under the UN framework to help in the rebuilding. Both States have received funding from the World Bank in cyclone risk mitigation efforts since 2011.

Cyclones in India

India is highly vulnerable to natural hazards especially earthquakes, floods, drought, cyclones and landslides. Studies indicate that natural disaster losses equate to up to 2% of India Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and up to 12% of Central government revenue. The cyclones that occur between Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn are known as Tropical Cyclones. Tropical cyclones are weather systems in which winds equal or exceed gale force (minimum of 34 knot, i.e., 62 kmph). Indian sub-continent is the worst affected region of the world, having a coastline of 7516 kms. (5400 kms along the mainland, 132 kms in Lakshadweep and 1900 kms in Andaman and Nicobar Islands) is exposed to nearly 10% of the world.Tropical Cyclones. There are 13 coastal states/UTs encompassing 84 coastal districts which are affected by cyclones Four States (Andhra Pradesh , Odisha, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal) and one UT ( Pondicherry ) on the East Coast and One State (Gujarat) on the West Coast are more vulnerable to cyclone disasters. 40% of the total population lives within 100 km of coastline. Cyclones occur in the month of May-June and October-November, with primary peak in November and secondary peak in May. Although cyclones affect the entire coast of India the East Coast is more prone compared to the West Coast. Recurring cyclones account for large number of deaths, loss of livelihood opportunities, loss of public and private property and severe damage to infrastructure, thus seriously reversing the developmental gains at regular intervals. Climate change and its resultant sea-level rises can significantly increase the vulnerability of coastal population.

Classification of tropical Cyclone

The criteria followed by Meteorological Department of India (IMD) to classify the low pressure systems in the Bay of Bengal and in the Arabian Sea as adopted by World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) are as under:

Type of Disturbances Associated Wind Speed in the Circulation
Low pressure Area Less than17 knots (<31 kmph)
Depression 17 to 27 knots (31 to 49 kmph)
Deep Depression 28 to 33 knots (50 to 61 kmph)
Cyclonic Storm 34 to 47 knots (62 to 88 kmph)
Severe Cyclonic Storm 48 to 63 knots (89 to 118 kmph)
Very Severe Cyclonic Storm 64 to 119 knots (119 to 221 kmph)
Super Cyclonic Storm 119 knots and above (221 kmph and above)

Refrences –

The Hindu

National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project

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IAS /PCS- Weekend program by Best Team – IAS NEXT

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Special IAS /PCS- Weekend program UPSC Exam 2021, best weekend classes for ias , Weekend Classroom Study Course, New upcoming batches schedule for Civil Services Exam Preparation at Lucknow 

Join our IAS /PCS- Weekend program to enhance your skills to crack IAS Exam with the best study materials, test series and highly qualified experts. Request a free counselling or further assistance please call us Today

To achieve assured success, you need to prepare for this exam very thoroughly, with full dedication, focus, sincerity, positive attitude, confidence and hard work.

This program is beneficial for All Aspirant.

The IAS /PCS- Weekend program is specially for working professionals. Owing to the nature of their jobs, many professionals can’t join the regular batches in our institute. This programme suits their need where they have to attend the class just in weekend. While for remaining days they get printed notes, class notes, tests and objective questions. Exclusive sessions with teachers are also provided to clear the doubts.
Coaching for GS (Pre ):

  • Weekend Batches
  • Senior experienced faculties from Lucknow & Delhi 
  • Course Coverage: Prelim Paper 1  
  • GS – Study Materials
  • Classroom assignments & home work
  • Reasonable Fee with option of payment by installments.

In our IAS /PCS- Weekend program, we prepare study plans according to your daily schedule. You may be working, or a full time student or a house-wife, we prepare the study plans that suit your schedule. All you need to do is follow the reference books and study plans and prepare accordingly. We will teach you how to prepare high quality Notes.

We also conduct Weekly Objective and Subjective Tests to assess the preparation level of students in our IAS /PCS- Weekend program. It helps them enhance their knowledge and learning with the proper explanation on each topic by subject matter experts. It helps students ward off their doubts and bring more clarity in subjects.

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